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The first step in using Vectara is to index a set of related documents or content into a corpus. This reference page provides a detailed guide for how to do that.

Full Definition

The full definition of the gRPC interface is covered below.


The indexing service operates in two modes: incremental and batch. In incremental mode, individual documents or messages are sent to be indexed. In a short period of time, generally a few minutes, the new content will become available in the search index.

The definition of the incremental service is shown below.

service IndexService {
// Adds a document to the corpus.
rpc Index(IndexDocumentRequest) returns (IndexDocumentResponse) {}

// Deletes a document from the corpus.
rpc Delete(DeleteDocumentRequest) returns (DeleteDocumentResponse) {}

When there are a large number of documents to process, it is more efficient to process them using the batch interface. This is described below.

Index Document

A request to add data into a corpus consists of three key pieces of information: the customer ID, the corpus ID, and the data itself, represented as a Document message.

message IndexDocumentRequest {
int64 customer_id = 1;
int64 corpus_id = 2;
com.vectara.indexing.Document document = 3;

The reply from the server consists of nothing yet. Note that the reply does not block. In other words, the information in the request is not yet available in the index when the RPC returns.

message IndexDocumentResponse {


A document is a piece of coherent textual matter. It defines an ID, document_id, which must be unique among all the documents in the same corpus. It may optionally specify a title and a description, as well as metadata in metadata_json.

The field custom_dims, provide default values for the corresponding section fields, should they fail to define them explicitly.

Most importantly, section defines the actual textual matter.

message Document {
string document_id = 1;
string title = 2;
string description = 3;
string metadata_json = 4;
repeated CustomDimension custom_dims = 5;

repeated Section section = 10;


A section represents an organizational subunit within a document. Its definition is recursive, since a section can be composed of further sections.

The actual textual content, which is at least a single sentence, but might span several paragraphs or more, is stored in text. Like a Document, it may optionally specify a title, which semantically corresponds to a section header or chapter title.

Sections are flexible, and it's possible that a section specifies a title, but relegates the text to subsections. For instance, consider the following simple document, excerpted from Wikipedia:


First inhabitants

Settled by successive waves of arrivals during at least the last 13,000 years,[41] California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000.[42] The indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct ethnic groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups also were diverse in their political organization with bands, tribes, villages, and on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash, Pomo and Salinan. Trade, intermarriage and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups.

Spanish rule

The first Europeans to explore the California coast were the members of a Spanish sailing expedition led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo; they entered San Diego Bay on September 28, 1542, and reached at least as far north as San Miguel Island. Privateer and explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed an undefined portion of the California coast in 1579, landing north of the future city of San Francisco. The first Asians to set foot on what would be the United States occurred in 1587, when Filipino sailors arrived in Spanish ships at Morro Bay. Sebastián Vizcaíno explored and mapped the coast of California in 1602 for New Spain, sailing as far north as Cape Mendocino.

This could be represented as a top-level section titled "History" and no text. It would contain two sections, "First inhabitants" and "Spanish rule" that both specify text.

The part metadata, held in metadata_json, is returned in search query results. It can contain, for example, information that links the item to records in other systems.

Finally, custom_dims allows you to specify additional factors that can be used at query time to control the ranking of results. The dimensions must be defined ahead of time for the corpus, or else they'll be ignored.

message Section {
string title = 1;
string text = 2;
string metadata_json = 3;
repeated CustomDimension custom_dims = 4;

repeated Section section = 10;

Custom Dimension

Custom dimensions are a powerful feature of Vectara. They allow you to attach numeric factors to every item in the index, which affect its final ranking during searches. Some example use cases include:

  1. Defining the authoritativeness of the content. For example, content with 100 upvotes can be ranked higher than content with no upvotes and 10 downvotes.
  2. Indicating the source of the content. If there are N sources, this is usually done by defining N custom dimensions, and treating them as boolean 0-1 fields. This allows weighting results based on source, or even excluding certain sources altogether. For example, content from a government FAQ would be rated higher than content from a user forum.
  3. Defining the geography in which content is relevant.
  4. Indicating the publication date. This makes it easy to weight more recent results higher.
message CustomDimension {
string name = 1;
double value = 2;

For more information on how to use custom dimensions, refer to the Custom Dimensions Usage Documentation

Frequently Asked Questions

Error received from peer...Trying to connect an http1.x server

You are receiving this error message because you are trying to connect via an insecure channel. The endpoint only allows secure (TLS) connections.

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